The Bondurant Family
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Compiled by Wiley B. Grinnell, Sr.
A Private Printing, Beaumont, Texas, 1979
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T H E B O N D U R A N T F A M I L Y
A GENEALOGICAL MANUSCRIPT, IN NARRATIVE FORM, STARTING WITH DR. JOSEPH BONDURANT IN FRANCE DURING THE YEAR 1650 AND GOING THROUGH THE LIFE OF ELISHA RICHARD BONDURANT, HIS DESCENDANTS AND MANY RELATIVES.
WILEY B. GRINNELL, SR.
A Private Printing
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction and Credits---------------------------- I Dedication----------------------------------------- II
Genealogical Code------------------------------_____ 1
Chart of Ancestors and Descendants of James Henry
Bondurant and Annie Almetta (Bondurant) Grinnell- 2
The Bondurant Family in France---------------------- 3
The First Bondurant in America, Dr. John Pierre,
the Huguenot------------------------------------- 4
John Peter Bondurant, II---------------------------- 5
John Bondurant, III--------------------------------- 6
John Wesley Bondurant------------------------------- 6
Richard Bondurant. Some of his Descendants, Bon-
durant, Iowa------------------------------------- 6
Thomas Miles Bondurant. Some of his Descendants,
Bondurant, Wyoming------------------------------- 8
Joseph Darby Bondurant. Some of his Descendants---- 15
A Brief History of Brandenburg, Kentucky----------- 17
The Bondurants of Brandenburg---------------------- 19
Lewis Bourbon Bondurant---------------------------- 22
Carlton Webb Bondurant. Some of his Descendants---- 25
Elisha Richard Bondurant--------------------------- 27
SUB TABLE_OF_CONTENTS I
Descendants of Elisha Richard and Lucinda (Fenwick)
Descendants of Elisha Richard and Laura Ann (Carey)
Selected References and Bibliography---------------- 130
Poem --- -"Acrostic" of Bondurant, Wyoming---------- 11
Picture---Sunset on the Ohio, Brandenburg, Kentucky- 20
Picture---Main Street, Brandenburg, Kentucky-------- 20
Picture---Barge on the Ohio, at Brandenburg--------- 21
Picture---The River Boat "Tell City"---------------- 21
Sketch----Bondurant Property, Brandenburg----------- 23
Picture---"Twin Oaks," 1905------------------------- 28
Picture---Elisha Richard Bondurant------------------ 30
Sketch----Floor Plan, "Twin Oaks"------------------- 31
Poem------"Twin Oaks"------------------------------- 32
Picture---James Henry Bondurant--------------------- 34
Picture---James Henry and Minnie (Bland) Bondurant
and Family-------------------------------- 35
Excerpts--From letters to Wiley Grinnell from James
William Bondurant------------------------- 38
Story-----"Bless This House"------------------------ 40
Poem------"Song for Morning"------------------------ 42
Story-----"My Former Grocery Route"----------------- 44
Picture---Joe Bondurant's Drive-in Drug Store------- 53
Picture and Story--Lewis Bondurant. "Disasters Are
his Business"----------------------------- 63
Picture---Laura Ann (Garey)Bondurant---------------- 66
Picture---Annie (Bondurant) Grinnell---------------- 67
Picture and Poem---Annie (Bondurant) Grinnell------- 68
Picture---Annie (Bondurant) Grinnell and her
Story-----An Impression of Brandenburg at Age Ten--- 76
Story-----"The House Party at Twin Oaks"------------ 99
Pictures--Imogene Bondurant, Carlton Webb Bondurant,
William Harvey Bondurant------------------ 107
Picture---Elisha Bondurant-------------------------- 112
Picture---Bourbon Patch Bondurant------------------- 117
INTRODUCTION AND CREDITS
This book deals primarily with the ancestors and descend ants of Elisha Richard and Lucinda (Fenwick) Bondurant, his first wife, and after her death, Laura Ann (Carey) Bondurant, his second wife. As data became available on other Bondurants, many of these interesting relatives were given a place herein. This, however, only skims the surface as a presentation of this proud family.
It will be noted that the female line of Bondurants, and their descendants, is included inasmuch as data became available.
No guarantee of all materials being 100% genealogically correct, nor of all dates being proper is offered by this writer.
Several years ago, my cousin Minnie Alice (Bondurant) Scott, wrote a book about the Bondurant family for her father, James William Bondurant. I have borrowed freely from her very fine work, with her permission, (some of it verbatim) and without her help this book would have never been printed. Much credit is also due to Minnie Alices' father. Her book, help from many other Bondurants, and a little research on my part has resulted in what I sincerely hope will be informative and pleasant reading.
And to my very sweet wife, Frances, is due much credit for proofreading, checking details, and for all of the picture layouts.
Wiley B. Grinnell, Sr.
D_E D_I_C_A T I O N
To my grandfather, Elisha Richard Bondurant, who had left this life before I was born and to my grandmother, Laura Ann (Garey) Bondurant, who was as much like an angel as was her daughter, Annie, who was my mother.
1. Number above the name indicates order of descent. Example:
Dr. Joseph Bondurant above Jean Pierre Bondurant. Dr. Joseph is Jean's father. And further down the line, example:
Elisha Richard Bondurant is the seventh generation from
2. The letter "M" indicates married, with date beside it.
3. Birth date will be found before name and date of death after name.
ANCESTRY AND DESCENDANTS OF:
JAMES HENRY BONDURANT AND ANNIE ALMETTA (BONDURANT) GRINNELL
1650-Dr. Joseph Bondurant
Elizabeth Ann Chastaigner (Chastain)
1678-Jean Pierre Bondurant, I - (Anglicized to John Peter, I, after he
M-1708 migrated to America)
1688-Ann Faure' L' Orange
(3) (3) (3)
1711-Peter Jacob-1735 1710-John Dondurant, II 1720-Joseph-1806
Amy 1711-Sarah Moseley Agnes Radford
(Migrated early to Buckingham(4)
County, Virginia) 1737-John Bondurant,III-1807 (Forerunner of the Bondurants who
M moved from Virginia to Kentucky)
1791-John Wesley Bondurant
1818-Lewis Bourbon Bondurant-1854 - (First of the Meade County and
M-1840 Brandenburg, Kentucky, Bondurants)
Lydia Ann Webb
1847-Elisha Richard Bondurant-1909
1858-Laura Ann Garey-1942
1877-James Henry Bondurant-1956 1881-Annie Almetta Bondurant-1962
1883-Cariton Webb Bondurant-1918
1892-William Harvey Bondurant-1952
1895-Elisha Richard Bondurant
1898-Bourbon Patch Bondurant-1971
FOR DESCENDANTS: FOR DESCENDANTS:
REFER TO PAGE 33 REFER TO PAGE 64-65
Ninth, tenth, eleventh, and twelfth generations. Ninth, tenth, eleventh, and twelfth generations.
T H E B O N D U R A N T F A M I L Y
I N F R A N C E
According to Monsieur Jean Favier, Director General of the Archives of France, (in Paris): "The family name of BONDURANT is a patronymic formation from two elements. There was some one with the name of DURAND who was nicknamed BON (good, kind, loveable) because of a particular moral philosophy. The name BONDURANT resulted." The Bondurant pedigree dates back far before the birth of either Lafayette or Napoleon Bonapart. To our knowledge, the first family by this name had as its head:
( 1 )
DR._JOSEPH_BONDURANT, who was born in Lyon France about 1650. He married Elizabeth Ann Chastaigner. (Chastain) The City of Lyon, where the Bondurant family lived, lies in Southern France at the junction of the Rhone and Saone Rivers. In the valley in the old days, as now, were vineyards, olive groves, pear, plum peach, and cherry orchards. Mulberry trees were cultivated for the making of silk. Sheep and goats roamed the hillsides, and their milk was used to make Roquefortcheese, which was aged in the cool caves in the sides of the hills. Wild flowers were abundant, and there were many chestnut trees. The art of spin ning and dyeing cloth brought fame to the Lyon area in the 1400's and these skills have lived on.
The people of Lyon have always been most proud of the Cathedral of St. Jean, a fine example of Gothic architecture, begun in 1110. Many other old buildings have survived, and provide a rich architectural heritage for the French people.
This happy land, then, became one of bitterness when civil and religious strife arose, but those who left forever their homeland would always remember: "The cornfields green, and sunny vines, Oh pleasant land of France."
Dr. Joseph Bondurant and Elizabeth Ann had a son:
JEAN_PIERRE_BONDURANTE THE FIRST. He was born near Lyon in 1678 and followed in his father's footsteps to also become a doctor. He left France in 1698 to avoid religious persecution and his travels took him first to Germany, then to England and then to Virginia.
F R E N C H H U G U E N O T S I N V I R G I N I A
"I, Daniel Perroin, Commander of ye above named vessel, PETER AND ANTHONY, certified that ye above 175 passengers- French refugees--were embarked in London in my said ship: men, women and children of several ages full freight for their passage in London to Virginia the sum of 775 pounds sterling and have given receipt in England for same."
James Town in Virginia
Ye 20th Day of September, 1700
One of the 175 passengers of the vessel PETER AND ANTHONY was Dr. Jean Pierre Bondurant, who had fled France as a Frenh Huguenot. He settled at Manakin Town, Virginia seven miles above Richmond on the James River, September 20, 1700. This territory today is in Henrico County, of which Richmond is the County Seat. After coming to America the name JOHN PIERRE was Anglicized to JOHN PETER. A full roster of the first set tlers is preserved. There are too many names to be reproduced here but some of them in their Anglicized forms are so promi nent and so familiar in America today that a few must be men tioned. Some of the family names associated with the Manakin Town settlers were Daval, Cottrell, de Guillieume (Gilliam), Michaux, Flournoy, St. Clair, Treillian, Forloynes, Myre, BONDURANT, Latine, Maupin and Lanier. The refugees were of the Best blood of France, many of the nobility, and some had royal blood in their veins.
It is proper here to give a brief account of that very remarkable and important migration to the new world. In 1698, Colonel William Byrd was largely responsible for a special invitation for a number of Huguenots in England to come to Virginia where they settled some twenty miles above the James River and the new colony was called Manakin Town. The French utilized the village and cleared land abandoned by the Monacan Indians.
By an Act of the Assembly in December, 1700, King William Parish was set aside as their parish and the parishioners were exempt from all taxes, except parish taxes, for seven years. In 1714 there were only 291 persons, according to the parish records. In 1726 there were only 130 titheables. Many moved to other parts of Virginia and to other colonies.
The Virginia Government gave them a tract of land on both sides of the river which consisted of 19,033 acres when surveyed by the Henrico Surveyors and the object was to give each
family 133 acres. A plot of Manakin Town still exists. It was intended that the French should build an industrial com munity there, but this proved impractical and the French spread themselves to the farms. These industrial and pious Huguenots were not only valuable in developing the lands of wealthy grantees living farther down the river but they also formed a bullwark against the Indians. It seems that Nathaniel Bacon crushed the Indians but there is no actual record of any clashes between the red man and the Huguenots.
In 1708 Dr. John Peter Bondurant married Ann Faure L' Orange, who was born in 1688 in Buckingham County, Virginia. They were married in Manakin Town. Dr. Bondurant made his will September 25, 1734. He died January 25, 1735, in Gooch land County, Virginia. Dr. John Peter and Ann had five child ren. They were:
1. John Peter, the second, born in 1710, Manakin Town, Virgin
ia. Died there in 1744.
2. Peter Jacob, born in 1711, Manakin Town, Virginia and died
there in 1735.
3. Elizabeth Ann, born in 1714 in Manakin Town. Date of death
unknown. She married James Ford, of Henrico, in 1734 and
they had eleven children, five boys and six girls.
4. Frances Jane was born in Manakin Town in 1717 and died in
1777. she married Jean Perreau. They had six children,
four boys and two girls.
5. Dr. Joseph Augustine was born in 1720 and died in Bucking
ham County, Virginia, August 11, 1806. He married Agnes
Radford in 1744. They had eleven children, five boys and
six girls. The family lived in King William and Bucking
JOHN PETER BONDURANT, the second, son of Dr. John Peter and
Ann Bondurant, married Sarah Moseley, widow of Robert L. Moseley, in 1729. In a 1748 record, John Peter Bondurant was listed as a vestryman in King William Parish. In 1734 John's name was the first mentioned in his father's will. John Peter and his wife Sarah lived in Goochland County, Virginia and later in Cumberland County. On March 9, 1758, he deeded his son, John Peter the third, of Albemarle County, 200 acres of land. After county lines changed, this was in Buckingham County. The names of members of the family of John are found frequently in early court and Church records. Recorded, also , are many land grants from Royal Governors to the Bondurants. Here began a lineage of Bondurants who became prominent citi zens in Buckingham County and today includes many of distinc tion, scattered all over the United States.
John Peter Bondurant, the second, and Sarah Rachel Mosely had four sons. They were:
1. John Peter, the third, born in 1737 in Manakin Town. Died
in Adairlo County, 1807.
2. Richard, born in 1740 in Manakin Town.
3. Thomas Miles, born in 1744. Died in Buckingham County in 1829.
4. Darby, born January 1, 1749. Died November 1, 1828.
JOHN BONDURANT III, son of John, II, and Sarah Moseley Bondur-
ant married Martha Allen, daughter of David and Martha Allen.
John, III, was the forerunner of the Bondurants who went to
Bedford County, Virginia, and later to Kentucky in 1781. His
family name remained on the tax list there until 1805. In 1795
Martha, John's wife, relinquished her dower in 200 acres of
land which her husband sold.
Bedford County, Virginia, was formed from Lunenburg and
Albermarle Counties in 1753. The area is one of natural pine
thickets and rolling land with a few little hills.
The only known child of John, III, and Martha Allen Bon
JOHN WESLEY BONDURANT, born April 4, 1791, in Bedford County.
He married Nancy Stiff, who was born October 10, 1798. Census
records show that John Wesley and Nancy (Stiff) Bondurant had
eleven children. They were:
1. Lewis Bourbon, born 1818 and died in 1854. (Cont. on p. 22)
2. Jesse Green, born 1820 and died in 1896. He was married to Martha Ann Wright and later to Elizabeth Latham.
3. Mildred, born 1825. She married Abner Wills of Bedford in 1841.
4. John Archer, born 1827.
5. James H., born 1829 in Bedford.
6. Mary, born 1830, died 1904.
7. Martha Susan, born 1832. She married William Hammock in 1848.
8. Clay, born 1834.
9. Richard, born 1836.
10. Sarah, born 1839.
11. William, born 1839.
RICHARD BONDURANT, the second son of John, II, and Sarah
Moseley Bondurant was born August 22, 1740, in Manakin Town. He married Cecelia Ann Hall and they had three children. Their first born, Thomas, married Margaret Drury and they went to Boone County, Kentucky, in 1820. Frances, their only girl, married Jacob Holsclaw and they too went to Boone County. Their third child was Joseph, who married Martha Tharp. Joseph and Martha moved westward and one of their sons, Alexander Connelly Bondurant, founded the town of Bondurant, Iowa.
Alexander Connelly Bondurant, son of Joseph and Martha (Tharp) Bondurant, was born September 1, 1829 in Sangamon County, Illinois. He married Margaret Brooks October 27, 1861. From this marriage eight children were born. One of the eight was Florence, whose son, Fred Lingenfelter, lives today in Rochelle, Illinois
Mr. Bondurant joined the immigration from Illinois to Iowa in 1857 and laid claim to 320 acres of land on Section 31, Franklin Township. He later bought 320 more acres at $1.25 per acre, adding to that until owning 2,500 acres. In 1882 the Chicago Great Western Railroad built a station on his land and named it Bondurant, Iowa.
Mr. Bondurant himself platted the town and gave a lot to anyone who would build a home or business there. He gave lots for the building of churches and schools. He was a deeply religious man and also had a great interest in educational matters. He was at one time on the Board of Trustees of Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa.
The first business to open in Bondurant was a store which occupied the lower story of the building with the upstairs being used as a church. In 1885 the first school opened with thirty-five scholars. In 1886 Mr. Bondurant donated thirty acres of land to be used as an aid to a local church. The church members planted crops, tended and gathered, followed by a husking bee. In 1909 he offered free sites for manufac turing industries. Shops factories, grain elevators, two hotels, a bank and newspaper called the "Bondurant Journal." Today, Bondurant is a small but thriving community. Mr. Bondurant died in Bondurant, Iowa, September 16, 1899.
THOMAS MILES BONDURANT was the third son of John Peter, II, and Sarah Bondurant. He was born in 1744 and died in Bucking- I ham County in 1829. He became the Reverend Thomas Miles Bon durant and a man of note, marrying Rhoda Agee, who was born about 1750 and died June 21, 1845, in Buckingham County. The Reverend and Sarah Bondurant had ten children.
1771 - Margaret ---- 1840
1773 - John----
1776 - Jacob-------- 1819
1779 - James Agee--- 1846
1781 - Noah--------
1782 - Joseph------- 1806
1783 - Thomas------- 1849
1784 - Mary--------
1786 - Annie-------
1787 - Sarah-------- 1861
One of the daughters of James Agee Bondurant was named Martha Somseetah Najela Powantonama Lavona, after an Indian Princess.
A chart on Page 9 carries the Reverend Bondurant's line through the ninth generation, from one of his ten children, Noah Bondurant. Of Noah's eleven children we carry on through one of his sons, Edward Jackson Bondurant, and from Edward's fifteen children we take only one son, Benjamin Franklin Bon durant, (1861-1927) who had seven children who lived to matur ity.
This great grandson of Reverend Thomas Bondurant was born near Bethany, Missouri, on the day President Lincoln became the leader of our nation. Mr. Bondurant was a pioneer and trail blazer in the true sense of the word. He married Sarah Ellen Goucher (1864-1927). After leaving Missouri, Benjamin Franklin and Sarah spent several years in Nebraska and Oregon. In 1898 they moved to the famous country known as Jackson Hole, Wyoming. They found this beautiful valley near the Teton Mountain Range and homesteaded 160 acres. Their possessions were brought in covered wagons, drawn by oxen teams and called "prairie schooners."
Their house was built of logs cut from the nearby moun tains and was two stories high, the first floor having a kit chen, store room, dining room and living room. Later, one other room was added and made into a combination store and Post Office. The upper floor was reserved for bedrooms for the family and any wayfarers or hunters who came for elk each fall. Part of this grand old home still stands, though ravaged by the merciless elements of time.
At that time there were no roads except those made by wagons and those roads wandered from ranch to ranch. In some places the creeks had to be forded in order to get to one's
Dr. Jean Plerro Bondurant I r Coll Wm. Bondurant
Ann (Ford) lauro L'Orange children /Hernett Laure Ronfeld
(3) / (9)
John 'e~cer Bondurant II ~ G children / Vern Marn,uerlte Bondumnt
Mrs. Sarah Rachol (Taylor) Plosoloy / / I 86fiC ,m. Ralney
Rev. Thomas Milon Bondurant / (8)
Rhoda ARe. ----10 children Perle Oscar Bondurant
(5) ary Lucilo Willime
Hoah ondurant---ll children / I \
Hartha t / l I (g)
/ I Robert Lester Bondurant
(6) / I Marlo-Loule Carollne Goulon
EdwarB Jacknon Bondurant-15 children | (9)
Kezah Monroe Ma8ee / l ~ ellle Bonduront
Hartha A. Stark / l Charles Bourquln
I () / I . . (g)
Bendin Franklin Bondurant | W Lnlfred Elaino Bondurant
Sarah Ellen Goucher \ \ | Bob btozum
1 \ \ Il ()
\ \ Juno Ellen Bondurant
\ \ Wm. Lythgoe, Jr.
I \ ()
| | \ Clare EdRar Bondurant
Rollo Grover Bondurant
| Haz.1 Iva Comatock\\ \ (9)
\ \ Jona LaRoy Bondurant
(8) \ \ Sylls tI. Reove 8
Orly A. Bondurant \ \ Gladys Ireno Dalrymple
(8) \ Juanita Hondurant
Lura M. Bondursnt \ Cone Roberonta
l \ (g)
I , (8) ppal Bondurant
| H erachel Bondurant \ Estrello
| Dewey HaddRnham t\\\ (9)
| . 1\\\ \ Jsmea Oliver BondurAnt
t8) \\\ \ \ Wanda
Easie Vonnle Bonduran, :1\ \ \ \
Prank Hilo Haneen \\ \ \ (g)
\\ \ \ F-anklin Herechel Bondurant
, (9) \\ \ \ Bertha Dernard
l Ella Hansen \\ (9)
I (9) \ \ Alice Laurine Bondurent
| P' ~ulino HanAQn I \ \ llorman John Bloamer
| Howard J. B.ker \ (9)
(9) I \ Cllnton Perle Bondurant
Doris Hansen \ Sally Keiting
Archie Alexandor (9)
| Prancia Julfus Bondurant
Georgo Wilson Bondurane
Mary Ellen Hurley
Lloyd Grant Bondurant
destination. Snow did not melt in the winter and would be come five to six feet deep on a level. People had to bring in enough staple food to last for about a year.
After the family had lived there for four or five years, they applied for a Post Office and Mrs. Bondurant was post mistress for twenty-six years before she gave up her duties due to poor health. She also ran a boarding house, in her home, and Mr. Bondurant and his boys were guides for the dudes for hunting and fishing. During those years immigrants were gradually coming in to homestead and as the elk hunting became more famous the Bondurants built a business of furnish ed horses, hunting equipment and guides to elk, deer, mountain sheep and bear hunters. That was in addition to their own ranching, as they owned and operated the Triangle F Ranch.
Mr. Bondurant met an untimely death while visiting friends in Kemmerer, Wyoming. The newspaper, THE KEMMERER, on October 19, 1927, had this to say about Mr. Bondurant's death:
INJURIES FATAL TO B. F. BONDURANT
Benjamin Franklin Bondurant, familiarly and affec tionately known by hundreds of friends as "Bandy," pioneer trapper, hunter, guide, dude rancher, sage and philosopher of the Hoback country, passed away at L.C.M. hospital Saturday, last, at 5:15 o'clock, the result of an accident suffered two weeks pre viously, when he fell into a cellar excavation in South Kemmerer. The death of Mr. Bondurant marks the passing of a pioneer character who links the old West with the new, for it was nearly thirty years ago that he settled on a homestead in the Hoback Basin, the last of the western frontier, inhabited then mainly by the big game animals, making their last stand against the inroads of civilization and by a few trappers besides himself.
B O N D U R A N T, W Y O M I N G
Bondurant, Wyoming, was founded on the property of Benja min Franklin Bondurant. Today it is a conglomeration of ranches and properties, with a school, library, Post Office and a Community Church.
There are many descendants of Benjamin Franklin Bondurant throughout Wyoming and many other states. Among them is a grandson, Robert Lester Bondurant, of Casper, Wyoming. Robert,
F orests contain many natural and great sights.
A 11 things seem very pleasing to mankind.
L ive animals of the different kinds including the
L ynx, have their different habitats along the
R iver, and other tributaries, some on the mountains,
I n holes in the ground, and rock, others are
V ery intelligent in building their homes in
E very shape and style people would not suspect.
R elieving them of the great danger of
B eing trapped, or killed by the tourist who
A re out on their pleasure trips, enjoying them
S elves viewing old Mother Nature and fishing
I n the whirl pool at the foot of Granite Falls
N ever regretting taking baths in the hot springs.
B ondurant, Wyoming, is located on the Lincoln Highway
O ver which many people travel in wagon and auto
N ever once thinking of what they are missing
D uring their trip to Yellow Stone Park by not
U rging some of the guides to show them sceneries
R ound here which beats most anything to be found
A ny where in the mountains which contains
N ot only the finest hunting and fishing sports
T ending to cheer the sickly, but to cure them.
W hen the people once learn the God-given joy that
Y oming contains and holds most dear to young and
O ld, then and not until then, will very many
M inds understand the real meaning of being out
I n the open enjoying the pure fresh air.
N at ever thinking how easy it is to regain strength
G oing over to the hot springs and taking baths.
******* ********************* ************************ ***
Written by BENJAMIN FRANKLIN BONDURANT,founder of BONDURANT, WYOMING.
born in 1921, married Marie Louise Goulon of Versailles, France.
Robert Lester Bondurant works for the American Oil Com pany and has over thirty years of service with them. He spent three years in the Army during World War Two with two years of that time being in Europe. He was stationed in England, France, Holland, Luxembourg, Belgium and Germany. His battle stars are for "Normandy," "N. France," "Rhineland," "Ardennes," and "Central Europe."
In Casper he has served as a Deputy Sheriff, President of the Natrona County Sheriff's Posse and Governor of the Moose Lodge. He is quite a "rock hound," makes jewelry, loads am munition, makes rock and plastic tables, drills for mineral and loves to hunt and fish. He is an expert with a snowmobile, does his own mechanical work and plays music for his own en tertainment. Mr. Bondurant has four sisters living in Wyom ing, one in West Lake, Louisiana and a brother in Moscow, Idaho.
* * *
A great granddaughter of Benjamin Franklin Bondurant, Sylvia Doreen (Bondurant) Evett, lives in Monmouth, Oregon. She is with the Salem, Oregon Statesman newspaper and leads a busy life in connection with her job.
* * *
Another interesting descendant of Benjamin Franklin Bon durant is Clinton P. Bondurant, Jr., of Tampa, Florida, whose father is a thirty-year Army Veteran who saw action in World War Two (Pacific Area), Korean Conflict and Viet Nam. Clinton, Sr., was born in LaBarge, Wyoming, in 1920. Clint, Jr., was born in Los Angeles January 11, 1953. His father's various posts of duty enabled him to live coast to coast in the United States plus seven years in Germany. Most of his high school education was received at Kaiserstautean American High School in Germany. From August 31, 1972, to August 15, 1975, he was in the Army. After leaving the service, Clint worked for the Veteran's Administration in Atlanta and was transferred to St. Petersburg, Florida, in February, 1978.
He was married to Charlotte Elaine Otwell, of Atlanta, on June 4, 1977, in Douglasville, Georgia. Clint is a scuba diver of note and he especially enjoys diving for shark's teeth off of Vennis Beach, Florida. Clint and Elaine collect antiques and coins; they both emjoy the outdoors, with fossil hunting high on their list of hobbies. Elaine has a talent for drawing. The most important thing in the lives of this young couple, however, is their religion, as members of Fow ler Avenue Baptist Church in Tampa.
* * *
A great, great grandson of the Reverend Thomas Bondurant is Mr. Rush W. Bondurant of Port Charlotte, Florida. His descent is from James Agee Bondurant, one of the Reverend's sons. James Agee Bondurant had married Phoebe Ford and after her death, Sarah Josephine Watson (1791-1882). James and Sarah had 12 children, one of whom was named for the Indian
Princess. (Page 8 ) James and Sarah and their family lived on a farm about ten miles south of Rice, in Price Edward County, Virginia. James' son, Samuel Bondurant, married Maria Louise Walton in 1851. Among their 10 children was James Alva Bondurant and from his marriage to Octavia Walton were 4 children, one of whom was Rush W. Bondurant, Sr. Rush, Sr., married Gladys Virginia Coburn December 21, 1921, in Norfolk County, Virginia, which is today Chesapeake, Virginia. Gladys died in 1947. Rush Bondurant, Jr., was born in Norfolk June 28, 1932. He married Mary Carolyn Leggett in 1952.
Rush Bondurant, Sr., is a graduate with a B.A. degree from Hampden-Sidney College, Virginia. He served with the 72nd Engineer Regiment in World War One. In October, 1962, he re tired as Plant Manager of Olin Corporation in Williamstown, North Carolina, and moved with his second wife, Edna, to Port Charlotte, Florda. Rush and Edna were married June 18, 1948. Rush Bondurant, Jr., graduated with a B.S. degree from North Carolina University, Raleigh, and is now Assistant Plant Man ager of Continental Can Company's paper mill in Augusta, Georgia.
* * *
Another descendant of Rev. Thomas Miles Bondurant, through the Reverend's son, James Agee Bondurant, is John Alva Bondur ant who lives in Virginia Beach, Virginia.
* * *
Another descendant of Rev. Thomas Miles Bondurant was William Walton Bondurant, son of Samuel Watson and Maria (Wal ton) Bondurant. Born about 1875, he graduated with a B.A. degree in 1899 and an M.A. degree in 1900 from Hampden-Sydney College of Virginia and did graduate work at the University of Chicago. From 1902 to 1906 he was on the faculty of Austin College, in Sherman, Texas, teaching literature and Latin. In 1906 he moved to San Antonio, where he purchased San Antonio Academy, an exclusive Protestant school for boys, established by Dr. W. B. Seeley in 1886. Another pioneer school for boys in San Antonio was West Texas Military Academy, founded by an Episcopal Bishop, the Rt. Reverend J. S. Johnston in 1893. In 1926 these two historic schools consolidated, with the creation of entirely separate schools for older and younger boys. At that time the name of West Texas Military Academy was changed to Texas Military Institute, with facilities for older boys only, while San Antonio Academy became an outstanding school for junior boys. In 1943 Dr. Bondurant sold his interest in S.A.A. and in 1947 he retired as superintendent of T.M.I.
Listed in Who's Who (1958-59): William Walton Bondurant, born Rice, Virginia; Literature, D, Austin College, 1924; Married Lily Walton, September 6, 1904 (deceased 1948); in structor in Latin and Greek, Hogue Academy, Blackstone, Vir ginia 1900-02; honorable Latin scholarship, Yale, 1903, John Hopkins, 1904; principal of San Antonio Academy, 1906, super intendent, 1906-43; superintendent Texas Military Institute 1926-47, superintendent emeritus, 1952; member of Texas Com mission on secondary schools, 1927-35; organizer and president of Texas Association of Private Schools; member of N.E.A.
Classical Association of Middle West and South. Presbyterian. Democrat. Mr. Bondurant died in 1959.
* * *
William Walton Bondurant, Jr., son of William Walton and Lily Bondurant was born in Dallas June 22, 1905. He received his B.A. degree from Austin College, Sherman, in 1925 and his M.D. degree from the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston in 1929, where he taught from 1931 to 1933. Except for three years service in World War II, where he attained the rank of Lt. Colonel in the Army Medical Corps, he has practiced Internal Medicine in San Antonio. He is a member of the staff of Nix Memorial, Robert B. Green and Baptist Memorial hospitals;! a consultant at the V. A. Hospital; was a member of the Commun ity Welfare Council (1949-55), president 1955; president of Community Nursing Service 1952-54; Trustee of Austin College, 1957-64; national governor of Arthritis and Rheumatism Founda tion; member of A.M.A. Bexar County Medical Society, (presi dent, 1949), San Antonio Heart Association, (president 1957), Chamber of Commerce director (1954-57). Dr. Bondurant was listed in Who's Who in 1967-68. He is Presbyterian. He mar ried Martha Nieminen on March 6, 1931. She died in 1964. Their children are Judith Spencer, William Walton, III, Edward Vaughn and Charles Julius. Grandchildren are Norman Stuart Spencer, III, Martha Louise Spencer, Laura Elizabeth Bondurant, Charles Hamilton Bondurant and Sarah Pauline Bondurant. On August 11, 1965, Dr: Bondurant married Katherine Carlisle. She died in 1977.
Colonel William Thomas Bondurant was from the lineage of Rev. Thomas Miles Bondurant. Born in the old family home in Rice, Prince County, Virginia, in 1895 Col. Bondurant attended Hampden-Sydney College until he enlisted in the Army at the beginning of World War One in 1917. Soon afterward he was made First Sergeant of First Company, 4th Regiment A.S. Camp Green, North Carolina. After the Armistice was signed, he availed him self of the opportunity of a period of study in Paris and was sent to Sorbonne University. He was discharged from service as a member of the Officer's Reserve, July 26, 1918, as a Se cond Lieutenant. He received his degree from Hampden-Sydney College and became professor of French and English in the Chamberlayne School, Richmond, Virginia. In 1920 he went to San Antonio where he became commandant and instructor of Eng lish at San Antonio Academy and acted in that capacity until the consolidation of S.A.A. with West Texas Military Academy in 1926, at which time he assumed the position of Headmaster and Commandant of S.A.A. In 1943 he was made President of Texas Military Institute and remained in that position until 1952. He was a very civic-minded leader and participated on the boards of various institutions. He was a member of the First Presbyterian Church of San Antonio.
He married first, in 1922, Gladys Tinsley and in 1943 Helen Downie. Gladys (Tinsley) and Col. Bondurant had two children, William Thomas, Jr., and Gladys. Col. Bondurant died in 1977.
* * *
Colonel William Thomas Bondurant, Jr., was born in San Antonio in 1926. He attended Hampden-Sydney College, graduat ing in 1949. In 1944-46 he was in the U.S. Navy during World War Two. After graduating from college he became associated with San Antonio Academy, teaching math, English, Latin, and history. He was assistant to his father, Col. W. T. Bondurant, Sr., until the board elected his father Chairman and him Presi dent of the School. After the death of his father he was elected Chairman of the Board, shouldering this responsibility as well as being President. His won, William Thomas, III, is carrying on the family tradition at S.A.A. as Director of Development and Treasurer. Col. Bondurant is an Elder in the Presbyterian Church and a Col. in the Texas State Guard, re tired.
In 1947 he married Kathryn Lucille Baldwin, of Farmville, Virginia. Their children are William Thomas, III, Carol Bald win, and Linda Baughan.
JOSEPH_DARBY_BONDURANT was the last son of John Peter, II, and
Sara5-Bondurant. He was born January 1, 1749, and died Novem
ber 1, 1828. Darby married first, on October 16, 1771, Ruth
Agee. Darby and Ruth had five children. After Ruth's death
he married Lucy Hall July 12, 1786. From this union were born
two children. Some other known descendants are:
* * *
Donald E. Bondurant, whose lineage is from Joseph Darby Bondurant, was born in Charleston, Missouri, July 11, 1908. He graduated from the University of Missouri in 1931 with the de gree of B.S. in Civil Engineering. He married Kathryn Clark Tipton, of Hickman, Kentucky, August 13, 1932. She died in 1972. Their daughters are Judy, born July 4, 1935, and Sue, born January 8, 1938. Judy is now Mrs. Michael Gertz and she and her husband are Physical Therapists with their own clinic in Tampa, Florida. Sue, Mrs. R. L. Tatterson, is in the insur ance business in Foster City, California. There are five grandchildren. Mr. Bondurant retired in 1972 and now lives in Heber Springs, Arkansas.
* * *
Dr. Wiley M. Bondurant, a descendant of Joseph Darby Bon durant, was born in Cayce, Kentucky, June 2, 1915, and has de grees from the University of Oklahoma, University of Houston, St. Michael's College, and Georgetown Law School. A very ver satile man, he was admitted to practice law before the Texas Supreme Court and Federal Courts. He is a retired Lt. Col. U. S. Air Force, a flying officer with several decorations. He is now a Professor of Accounting at St. Mary's University in San Antonio. He and his wife, Catherine, travel extensively. In May, 1978, they were on an Alaskan Cruise. Their home is at 4031 City View Drive, San Antonio.
* * *
Joseph Eugene Bondurant, also a descendant of Darby Bon
durant, was born in Fulton, Kentucky, August ll, 1929. Son of Sidney Eugene and Maud Ruby (Chatham) Bondurant, he attended high school in Cayce, Kentucky, and graduated from Georgia Tech University in 1957. He had married Sarah Garner of Law renceville, Georgia, on September 15, 1956, in Atlanta. Mr. Bondurant was employed by Union Carbide in Paducah, Kentucky, for three months before accepting a position with Gulf States Utilities Company in Beaumont, Texas, as an engineer in the transmission and distributing department. In 1967 he was sent to the company's Lake Charles, Louisiana, division as operating supervisor. During the next few years he became operating superintendent, manager, and in 1975, vice president. At that time the family moved back to Beaumont and in early 1978 Mr. Bondurant became senior vice-president of division operations and system engineering. The Bondurants have two daughters. Alyson Ann, born May 26, 1961, is a senior in Kelly High School and plans to attend Southern Methodist University. Tammy Jo, born April 28, 1963, is a Kelly High School sophomore. Mr. Bondurant's parents and his grandmother Lou (Roper) Bondurant (age 97) are still living in Fulton, Kentucky.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF BRANDENBURG, KENTUCKY
On December 17, 1800, George Oldham purchased a tract of 3,000 acres at Falling Springs from Richard Barbour. In 1804 Solomon Brandenburg made his first purchase of land in the county from George Oldham. It was a tract near Flippin's Run, east of the ferry landing that connected Brandenburg with In diana for many years. At a later date he purchased the Fal ling Springs tract from Mr. Oldham. At that time the two hills of Brandenburg were covered with large black walnut trees which stood until the early days of the last century. On the sight where court houses were later built Mr. Brandenburg built a double log house of walnut logs which became known as the "Old Walnut Log Tavern." The stone chimney was still stand ing when a court house was built there during 1872 and 1873. The Tavern was famous for roast pig. Among its famous visi tors were General James Wilkinson, Aaron Burr, John Audubon, the great ornithologist, and many others.
Solomon Brandenburg had many diverse activities such as fishing, hunting, farming, and flatboating on the Ohio. He cleared a field on East Hill and raised a crop of corn which was the topic of conversation for years.
On May 9, 1807, Mr. Brandenburg and Mrs. Elizabeth Swan Kennedy, a widow, were married. To this union eight children were born. In 1845 Mr. Brandenburg died in Mississippi, hav ing moved there in 1839 with the family of his daughter, Louisiana Brandenburg Calhoun.
In 1814 the second steamboat built in the west was con structed at the Brandenburg Landing. She was christened the "Elizabeth" and was completed only three years after the "Or leans" had been completed in Pittsburg. The "Elizabeth," owned by a company of Hardin County citizens, was not a finan cial success and the boat was sold at New Orleans by its cap tain, Benjamin Shacklett.
In 1816 a second steamboat, the "Hornet," was completed. A third, the "Grecian," was built in 1822. All were financial failures. Although Solomon Brandenburg, Shacklett, Atwill, and others were experienced flatboat men, they were not suc cessful with steamboats.
The wars that have been fought throughout the history of Brandenburg have naturally affected the town in many ways, but not too harshly. The most terrifying thing to ever happen to this lovely, happy little town was the vicious tornado that
struck there on April 3, 1974. In one stroke nature devastated Brandenburg.
The French families were some of the people who exerted the most influence on Brandenburg. Some of these families were: Foshee (Foushee), Fontaine, Bondurant (Bon-Durand), Ditto (Ditteau), Grinnell (Grenelle), and Shacklette (Jacquelet).
TH E B O N D U R A N T S
BRANDENBURG K E N T U C KY
Brandenburg, Kentucky from the 1971 monthly newspaper "Hi-Line News" -serving Meade County.
So much for the history of a town full of romance and tradition to ones who can see beneath the surface of weeds and dust in sunnier, and naked bareness in winter, into the simple lives of those who built for us, barely escaping poverty but with all their simile needs bountifully supplied by an uncomplex existence which made for a lot of happiness. Now water works, electricity, concrete walks replacing rocks which were in turn replaced by plank talks, paved streets, daily truck and bus service, automobiles in nearly every garage, Greater educational advantages, have not made this a modern city. Individuality still demands space around each home once occupied by garden and cow pasture. One is reminded of a child who rev erts to baby ways in spite of its mature body or an older person who still has days of youthfulness. What of the future. Will not the to~m's solid foundation of thrift morals, industry,wholesomeness, ideals, make a background upon which better, easier finer, happier living conditions will be built?
Main Street, Brandenburg, about the turn of the century.
The Ohio River at Brandenburg --1915
The " Tell City'' .
Continued from Page 6
LEWIS BOURBON BONDURANT, son of John Wesley and Nancy (Stiff)
Bondurant, was the ancestor of the Meade County, Kentucky,
Bondurants. He was born in 1818 in Bedford County, Virginia.
Thus, the Bondurants of Bedford are the link between the early
French immigrants and the Bondurants who went to Meade County.
The 1850 Census of Meade County shows at least part of the fam
ily of Lewis Bondurant's father had moved to Meade County.
Lewis Bourbon was a part of the movement which swept across the
great Appalachian Mountains to new lands beyond. Mr. Bondur
ant married Lydia Ann Webb, daughter of Ezekiel and Nancy Webb.
Lydia was a member of the Baptist Church of Brandenburg, Kentucky.
Lewis Bourbon was a builder and in 1845 built the Bondur ant home in Brandenburg, Kentucky. He chose a site on a knoll where there were oak and maple trees. Deep in the corner of the large front yard were two large oak trees which the family called "Twin Oaks." This name caught on as time moved along and the Bondurant home became known as "Twin Oaks" to Mr. Bon durant's descendants. The house was first constructed of logs and later it was weatherboarded with white planks. The two story structure with small paned windows had the simple dig nity of old country houses of Virginia. The front entrance was one of the prettiest in the area. The large west wall of the front porch was three quarter inch plaster held together with hog hair over hand-hewn laths. This wall was white wash ed once a year. Double doors were framed with small panes of glass, three rows across the top and a row down each side. This entrance was not centered in the front of the house, but was on the left side. It led into a hallway where the stair case went up. The house had the usual fireplaces of that time and there was a lower ell of rooms where the kitchen was later added. Under the dining room was a cellar which was walled with big white washed rocks. The dirt floor was hard packed.
The entire Bondurant property was about 20 acres. The front yard was very large. The south part of the lawn, in later years, was the scene of many croquet games among family, relatives and friends. Nice yards were on each side of the house and there was a smaller back yard. To the south of the front yard was a garden spot big enough to raise all kinds of vegetables for the large family. Then past the garden was the barn lot on which stood a large barn with high loft to hold much hay and other feed for the livestock. At ground level were horse and cow stalls on each side with a long hallway be tween. The livestock consisted of 2 to 3 cows, a steer, and several horses. In 1923 this building was torn down and a smaller one erected. The automobile had made its advent and the new building served as a part garage and small barn. On past the barn lot was a fenced in lot of about an acre, which extended to the line fence of the adjoining property. At the west end of the fenced in area was the ice pit, about 12 or 14
* Apple Orchard
* Approximately 5 to 6 acres
* Approximately Small Small Yard
5 to 6 acres Woodshed
* Cider Mill ~* *Cottage *PEE
* Pasture *
Pit * Small back yard
* Fenced in * ** Side * BONDURANTS * Side ** E
** Lot * * Yard * "Twin Oaks" *Yard *
* 1 acre * **Large* * a -*x Croquet Large x- x Grape x
* Barn * * r ** Grounds Front *** Arbor ,
* Yard Cistern *
* * Large Gate E
Towards Main Street and down town Brandenburg
Twin Oaks, built by Lewis Bourbon Bondurant about 1845. Total acreage, approximately 20 acres.
feet square and 8 feet deep. It was lined with straw during the winter and hugh blocks of ice cut from the Ohio River were placed around the inside of the walls and more straw was placed over the ice. As the weather became warmer, food stuffs sub ject to spoiling were kept there. A simple ladder was used to get to the bottom of the pit and the top was a removable cov ering made of wood and insulated with straw. Back of the house was a five-acre apple orchard which produced the Ben Davis, the Winesap, Early Harvest, and the Maiden's Blush apples. The orchard had its own cider mill. In the fall of the year, when the apples had ripened, the cider mill was a busy place. To the north of the orchard was a five-acre pasture covered with beautiful Kentucky Blue Grass. In the middle of the pasture was a large pond where the horses and cows were watered. To the north of the pasture was a small fenced off portion of the land extending to the very front of the 20 acres. On this strip of land, about 75 yards back from the main house, was a small cottage with a nice front and back yard. To the left rear of the cottage was a small woodshed and storeroom. It was in this cottage that Annie (Bondurant) and Beall Grinnell lived. Charlie Bondurant Grinnell, first child of Annie and Beall, was born there. It was later the home of James Henry and Minnie Alice (Bland) Bondurant. In the north portion of the front yard of the Twin Oaks Homestead was a grape arbor and a water cistern and many Bondurants said that this was the best and coldest water they ever drank.
In 1965 Twin Oaks was torn down in order to provide space for commercial buildings. The old dirt road in front of the house had become a busy highway. Some of the acreage is now owned by Minnie Alice (Bondurant) Scott, great-great grand daughter of Lewis Bourbon Bondurant.
Lewis Bourbon Bondurant assisted in the building of the First Methodist Church, in Brandenburg. It is still a white structure with simple grace. Built in 1854, it was used for quartering Union soldiers a few years later during the War be tween the States. Those Union soldiers were led by General John Hunt Morgan. The church is still in use today, although some additions to the original structure have been built.
Lewis Bourbon died of cholera at the early age of thirty six. He was buried in Meade County, near Midway. The family plot, sometimes called the Henry Graveyard, is in a wooded area, and the grave is in a clump of cedars. His gravestone has a Masonic emblem on it and the inscription reads:
LEWIS B. BONDURANT DIED NOVEMBER 2, 1854. AGE 36 YEARS, 8 MONTHS, 23 DAYS.
The children of Lewis Bourbon and Lydia Ann Bondurant were:
1. Nancy (Nannie). She married Harvey Leslie.
2. Ellen. She married Joseph Board. They had a son, Henry.
5. John. He married Elizabeth Elder.
6. George. Lived only three years.
7. Ezekiel. Born 1846. He was unmarried and joined the Union
Army during the Civil War. On February 15, 1864, he was
killed in action at Knoxville.
8. Elisha Richard, born April 26, 1847. Died 1909.
9. Carlton Webb, born 1854. Died May 28, 1936.
Little is known about the personalities and activities of the nine children of Lewis Bourbon and Lydia Ann Bondurant, except for Elisha Richard and Carlton Webb.
(7) CARLTON WEBB BONDURANT was a man with the usual Bondurant characteristics exaggerated. He was tall and ruggedly hand some and enjoyed life to the fullest. He liked to take groups of friends to the opera house for musical shows, after which they all went to the Bondurant home to sing. Often Carlton would mimic the show's performers for the pleasure and delight of his guests. Many years later stories were told of those happy times spent in that hospitable home. On December 12, 1877, he married Nancy Elizabeth Waller, born May 18, 1860, died November 9, 1929. Carlton Webb and Nancy Elizabeth (Waller) Bondurant had seven children.
1. William Bourbon, born February 20, 1879. Died June 16, 1945.
2. Annie Pearl, born October 12, 1881. Died August 23, 1955.
3. Baby, born October 23, 1889. Died March 1, 1891.
4. Mary Lillian, born June 13, 1892. Died June 13, 1960.
5. Ruth, born August 7, 1895.
6. Carlton Waller, born November 29, 1897. Died January 11,
7. Aaron Leslie, born June 13, 1900. Died August 16, 1963.
WILLIAM BOURBON_BONDURANT, son of Carlton and Mary Elizabeth
Waller) Bondurant married Ora Strange October 9, 1900. His second marriage was to Minnie Fowler. William and Ora (Strange) Bondurant had one child:
1. Margaret, born November 12, 1902.
ANNIE PEARL BONDURANT, daughter of Carlton and Mary Elizabeth
(Waller) Bondurant married Rives Waller (born 1874 and died
1956) on May 10, 1898. They had one child:
ELISHA RICHARD BONDURANT, son of Lewis Bourbon and Lydia Ann
Bondurant, went at the age of fourteen to Owensboro to join the Union Army. He knew that Captain Wash Webb, a relative, was stationed there with his men. Captain Webb, knowing that Elisha was too young, sent him home to his family in Meade County. Running away again when he was fifteen, Elisha pert suaded Captain Webb to keep him. He was in Company C, 12th Kentucky Cavalry. Elisha returned home and later went to Union County with his brother Carlton. In Union County, Elisha met and married Miss Lucinda Fenwick, daughter of Robert and Eliza beth Burch Fenwick. Mr. Fenwick was a successful and promi nent farmer in Union County, one of the richest farmlands in Kentucky. The characteristics for which Lucinda was best re membered were her ability as a horsewoman, her striking red hair, and her devotion to her church. ! In letters-to members of the family she frequently mentioned her prayers and devo tions especially hoping that her home would be pleasing to God. She mentioned, too, their farming activities, planting corn and raising calves. Years later, her sister Mary Ellen told her grandchildren that "Lu could ride anything on four feet. She was an excellent horsewoman. I can remember her sitting on a side saddle finer than any woman ever sat a horse."
Three children were born to Elisha and Lucinda, the first two dying in infancy. Their third child, James Henry, was 10 months old when his young mother died. She was buried in St. Vincent's Cemetery, Union County. Elisha took his little son back to the Bondurant home in Brandenburg where his grandmother, Lydia Ann, cared for him. On December 23, 1879, Elisha married Laura Ann Carey, of Mauckport, Indiana. Laura Ann was born in 1358. Their seven children were:
1881 - Annie Almetta - 1962
1883 - Carlton Webb - 1918
1885 - Clay - 1887
1889 - Imogene - 1914
1892 - William Harvey - 1952
1895 - Elisha Richard -
1898 - Bourbon Patch - 1971
All of the children of Elisha and Laura were born and reared in the ancestral Bondurant home, "Twin Oaks," in Bran denburg. James Henry, Elisha's son by Lucinda, was reared with the family. Elisha was a fine physical specimen and very
Bondurants and Grinnells in front of "TWIN OAKS,"built by Lewis Bourbon Bondurant in 1845.
On_horse: Elisha Bondurant (age 10)
In chairs on porch: Laura Ann (Garey) Bondurant (age 47)
Carlton Bondurant (age 22)
Willie Bondurant (age 13)
Minnie Alice (Bland) Bondurant (age 24)
In chair on ground: Elisha Richard Bondurant (age 58)
On steps: Charlie Grinnell (age 4)
Laura Grinnell (age 2)
Bourbon Bondurant (age 7)
Sitting on edge of porch: Annie (Bondurant) Grinnell (age 24)
Beall Grinnell age 25)
James William Bondurant (age 3)
James Henry Bondurant (age 28)
Standing: Imogene Bondurant (age 16)
courageous. His children were known to have said: "He wasn't afraid of the devil." Laura told the children that Elisha always liked to drink from thin glasses and eat with real sil ver. He was a respected citizen and was jailer for Meade County He also worked a 180-acre farm near Brandenburg. His death came suddenly on October 12, 1909. He went to the Post Office for the morning mail and died upon returning home. After the death of her husband, Laura Ann spent most of her winters with her daughter, Annie (Bondurant) Grinnell, in Sherman, Texas. Laura lived until November 6, 1942.
ELISHA RICHARD BONDURANT
Floor Plan of the Bondurant Home Place
Sketched from Memory by
Minnie Elizabeth (Long) Young,
Daughter of Imogene Bondurant
I drove past the place I remember so well,
"Twin Oaks" was the name, and a story it tells.
"Twin Oaks" stood stately and proud for so long,
I can still hear the laughter and a child's pretty song.
The Bondurants played all the long day,
They would challenge all others to a game of croquet.
A large twin oak stood there in the breeze,
A cool green lawn under the shadow of its leaves.
In the middle of the oak's trunks, children sat in between,
On a seat put there by sweet Imogene.
It was truly a place where dreams were made,
While sitting and thinking in the Twin Oak's shade.
When the evening shadows danced all around,
Not a happier group on earth could be found,
The years have passed and everyone is gone,
"Twin Oaks" is torn down, but its memory lives on.
Mary Ellen Worsham, daughter of Annie Laura (Long) Meers.
Granddaughter of Imogene (Bondurant) Long.
August 5, 1965.
"Twin Oaks," the Bondurant homestead, was located in Brandenburg, Kentucky.
SUB TABLE_OF_CONTENTS I
ELISHA RICHARD AND LUCINDA (FENWICK) BONDURANT
BLESS THIS HOUSE
The big timber would not move from across the splintered desk drawer. It was almost dark and I knew I had to leave this place of shock and sadness while I could still see to crawl among the network of fallen powerlines and broken trees. But in that drawer was the sheet of music, "Bless This House," the song our family had always sung at gatherings in the old par lor--the birthday times, summer visits, happy childhood Christ mases. I could not move the timber.
Coming up the hill in the shadows, two men, a deputy sheriff and a man in a khaki uniform flashed a light toward me. I toll them that this was my family's home and assured them that I would be leaving soon. It was hardly more than three hours since the thing had happened and I tried to decide which of the battered objects that I had dug out of the shattered ruin would fit into my pocket and my arms for carrying away and keeping. And I knew then that you don't really ever have any thing to keep.
The Raggedy Ann doll lay among crumbled plaster bits, soggy from the rain, her button eyes looking forever skyward; a photograph of my nephew, Richard Bondurant, smiling in his Sunday clothes, was under a tree branch; a quilt with its red and blue handsewn squares in the old Sunshine and Shadow pat tern lay muddy and torn. Just this morning the beds had been
neatly made, and the smell of coffee and warm bread had been in the kitchen. Two pairs of doves had eaten by the side porch as they did every day, finishing after the cardinals. And the sun had come in through the wavy glass of old window panes as it had in all the Aprils since the house had been built by a Mr. Fontaine on this green hill overlooking the river in the early 1800's. But that was this morning.
I picked up the doll and put her down again; I took a small gold object, a piece of Mother's jewelry, from the mud and put it in my pocket. Books were scattered about among the founda tion stones: horse books, Little Golden Books, "A Child's Gar den of Verses," an old geography, books of meditation. The library table where Daddy had sat to read was gone. But near by in the wet debris, his Bible was open, open to a Psalm of David. I looked away.
Down the street, the ruin of the Baptist Church echoed in the tragic twilight its final evensong--and just for that instant I could hear the choir once more singing "I Am Thine, O Lord, I Have Heard Thy Voice And It Told Thy Love For Me." Sirens were sounding loudly now and small groups gathered to carry a way the injured and the dead in the neighborhood.
Here we had lived, known the proverbial joys and sorrows, pick ed brilliant yellow jonquils in the front yard, made fragrant clover chains, asked daisy petals about our childish loves. And in my stunned fantasy, time did not exist. A fiddle play ed lilting music for the revelry of an infare held here in the year following the Civil War; how often we had heard the story. Again tonight crinoline and taffeta and satin and lace graced the old halls; winter winds blew cold and vapors of camphor brought healing to ailing bodies. In timeless springtimes purple iris bloomed; wartime soldiers said sad farewells. Win ter bobsleds with laughing riders flew down snowy hillsides, and always in the kaleidoscopic pattern, the ferry, a squared off craft, angled to the current as it crossed the river for ever.
A home is more than a house; a house is shelter. A town is more than buildings; it is a gathering of human beings for the common good. Our home, yes, our house is still standing. Not in walls of brick and wood, but it is standing in a more real form than it ever had before. It now stands in the ancient context of a house--an extension of the lives of all of us into the greater world, albeit into the lives of our fellow man.
As darkness falls, I can see the evening star. I cannot move this heavy timber. But it really doesn't matter. We all know the words and any of us can play the chords to "Bless This House."
Minnie Alice Bondurant Scott
SONG FOR MORNING
It is not ours to turn Direction of the phantom winds Across green April's orchards. Gathering of a thousand thunderheads That clash wild sounds of bitter cymbals In harsh metallic keening, dissonant, Thinned to a spiral edge cutting. Pummelling into splintered chaos Our sometime ordered world.
Slivered shadows Of moonlight in disarray Catch broken red cedars Offering up their sad fragrance In dark empty places.
Here is no triumph No consolation No response.
But in the stillness of gone
1 o s s bewilderment
A stirring seeks a stirring.
This I keep-
Divine affinity of seeking-
And question not again
The falling aside of old harmonies
The crush of appleblossoms
Baring smooth pearl of new fruit
Promise firm, intact.
Ours is a new song Set on old and measured melodies: A song for morning.
Minnie Alice Bondurant Scott
MY FORMER GROCERY ROUTE
by JOHN J. SCOTT
At 5:45 p.m. on April 3rd, 1974, I was stopped at the first roadblock going into Brandenburg, where a state trooper asked me what my business was in town.
I told him that I was concerned about my grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Bondurant. Their home was in the center of West Hill in Brandenburg, and according to radio reports, that area had been hit pretty hard. But my concern and business went further than that. Many of the residents of Brandenburg were old friends to me. Our friendship had begun on visits to my Grandparent's grocery store in the summers and on holidays as I was growing up. Later on I had spent five years working at their store sacking groceries and making deliveries, and this was when I really came to know Brandenburg and her citizens.
It was my old delivery knowledge that got me into Brandenburg proper that night. I was backed up in a line of traffic in front of the bank. At that point, an officer was stopping all traffic and repeating the same message to each anxious driver, "The road to downtown is closed." As he spoke, ambulances and army emergency vehicles screamed past,taking the injured to Fort Knox and Elizabethtown. Their presence only made me more determined to get to West Hill. Being blocked from going down the main hill, I decided to take a right next to Davis Florist Shop and see if I could circle around and come out by the Meth odist Church. I had been that way several times in years past delivering groceries to Prit and Dolly Wardrip, the Woodson Brown's, and the many other customers on East Hill. I had no trouble getting around the tennis courts and playground, and thus ended up by the library. The next thing I saw was a scene I shall never forget. There on West Hill, as if it had been prepared for a bombed-out devastation setting in a war movie, was the destruction you read about that happens to other places, but never to your own town. The only familiar landmark was the remains of the Phillips Memorial Baptist Church where I had been ring bearer 20 years earlier in my Aunt Mary's wed ding, and where my great grandmother Bondurant had been eulo gized after 85 glorious years. I didn't linger to gaze at the unrecognizable wreckage in the distance. Darkness would set i before long and I wanted to find out what I could about my grandparents' home and their neighbors before the town was closed for the night. I had already received word that my grandparents were safe, though slightly injured.
In the next block had been my grandfather's store. That after noon the wind had taken the roof off the store and only the crumbling walls remained on a building that had stood for qual ity merchandise for over twenty years.
One of the major goals in growing up as a grandchild of the Bondurants was being old enough to walk from the house to the store by yourself. This only involved a journey of two short blocks, and the crossing of one street, but it was a mark of maturity when you achieved the privilege of making this trip alone. But on Wednesday, April 3rd, in retracing the same steps back from the store to where my grandparents' home had been, I felt more apprehension than I had ever known as a child. Splintered utility poles and dangling cables cries-crossed the street between Billy Hamilton's house and my great grandparents' home. Mr. Hamilton's house was apparently in shambles. Sur prisingly, my great-grandparents' home, which I associated with cigar smoke and pictures of Kentucky Statesmen on the walls, was still in relatively good shape. But a sickening terror hit me when I searched for my grandparents' home. The hill was empty. Oh, there were snags and debris humped here and there, but the two story white brick where I had awakened every childhood Christmas morning was gone. Then I found some perspective on noticing the old dinner bell post in the side yard. It stood by--goggling against the sky--a pointer to show the direction the storm had taken.
I shall not dwell on material losses of my loved ones, for those are not really important. And, besides, what can you really say about a house that knew the laughter of 19 grandchildren; that had the room for three simultaneous Rook games following a Thanksgiving dinner for 30; that was surrounded by rolling hills and fertile pasture for livestock; that had good neigh bors in all directions and the highest vantage point in town. Because of the trees between my grandparents' street and the river, you had never been able to see the Ohio River from my grandparents' home before. But that evening, as I stood on the stairway amidst the wreckage, I could see the river, and much more--more than I wanted to see. I could look across the garden down towards Applegate and English's garage--now a mass of twisted steel.
I turned down the hill on the pavement behind the church,and although this was a short street, I knew it well for two very steady customers had lived there. One house was where Miss Emma Wilson, and her sister, Miss Bertha Foote had lived. Miss Bertha had most likely been in the store every day since it had opened, for her daily walks around town led by our door way. That evening, Mrs. Wilson and her other sister, Mrs. John Bircher, lay buried beneath the broken timbers in the general vicinity of where the house had stood. The destruction along this street was so terrible that all the homes merged into one great swathe of debris, as if a blender had mixed them all to gether and then frosted the earth with the mixture.
April 3rd was more than a tragic day for Meade County. It seemed that all of the catastrophies in the world had descended on Brandenburg that afternoon.
In the Old Testament, in the Book of Ecclesiastes, it is said that there is "a time to every purpose under the heaven--," "a time to break down--," "a time to die--," "a time to weep--,' and "a time to mourn--." But the verse goes on--just as the people of Brandenburg did--those same people I had known and befriended on my delivery rounds. Through courage and hard work they have now found "a time to build up--," "a time to heal."
MILDRED_ALICE_BONDURANT, daughter of James Henry and Minnie
Alice (Bland) Bondurant, was born November 5, 1908, in Branden
burg. Mildred was the "Tom Boy" of the family. Coming home
from school one day she came across a baseball game in progress.
(all boys) Having just left basketball practice, she still had
on her bloomers under her skirt. She took off her skirt, hung
it on a fence and joined the game. She graduated from high
school in 1925. She received her B.S. degree from Nazareth
College in 1963.
On October 20, 1927, she married William Riley Gentry, II, in Brandenburg, the wedding taking place in the home of her parents. Mr. Gentry was born June 13, 1902, in Louisville. He had come to Brandenburg in 1925 to practice law, after his grad uation from Jefferson school of law. From 1927-33 he was Coun ty Attorney of Meade County. During the years 1933-35 he was connected with the Federal Land Bank, in Louisville, moving to Bardstown in November of 1935 to again practice law. He was County Judge (Nelson County) for two years and Circuit Judge 10th Judicial District from January 1, 1952, until January 4, 1970, the day of his retirement. William died in Bardstown April 2, 1976.
Mildred taught school for 25 years, first at Wolfe Creek (Meade County), 1926-27, teaching the first through the fourth grades, and then in Brandenburg, 1927-28, teaching first and second grades. From 1946-69 she taught in the City Schools in Bardstown, these years all being with first grade pupils. One year she put on a "Big Time Circus," involving 65 children, all costumed. She retired in 1969.
Mildred and William Gentry had two children.
LAURA ANN (GAREY) BONDURANT
( 185 8--1942 )
ANNIE ALMETTA ( BONDURANT ) GRINELL
ANNIE (BONDURANT) GRINNELL WITH HER FIRST two GRANDCHILDREN AND ONE OF HER FAVORITE POEMS, REPRODUCED IN HER OWN HANDWRITING.
NOVEMBER 19, 1949. A GRINNELL FAMILY XE-UNION IN SHERMAN.
STANDING: MABEL (GRINNELL) FERGUSON, LAURA (GRINNELL) COLBURN.
ANNIE (BONDURANT) GRINNELL, CHARLIE BNDURANT GRINNELL.
SEATED: IMOGENE (GRINNELL) DAY, WILEY GRINNELL, JULIA (GRINNELL) BAHRAIN.
DE S C E N D A N T S O F:
E L I S H A R I C H A R D A N D
L A U R A A N N (G A R E Y) B O N D U R A N T
ANNIE ALMETTA BONDURANT was the first born of Elisha Richard
and Laura Ann Bondurant's seven children. Born in Brandenburg
June 30, 1881, she attended the public schools there. She
loved to skate on the frozen Ohio River and sleigh ride from
the top of the hill on Main Street practically to the shores
of the Ohio. She was a member of the XV Club, a social club
for the young ladies of Brandenburg. She was an active member
of the Methodist Church. On May 20, 1900, she married Beall
Grinnell, who was born February 11, 1880, in Brandenburg. Mr.
Grinnell was working for one of Brandenburg's largest "gener
al stores," owned by Mr. McIntire and operated by Mr. H. C.
Woodson. Annie and Beall set up housekeeping in a small cot
tage on the Bondurant property about one fourth mile from the
Bondurant home "Twin Oaks." Their first child, Charles Bon
durant, was born there.
On July 28, 1902, the family moved to Louisville where Mr. Grinnell had accepted a job with Belknap Hardware and Man ufacturing Company. In October of 1904 the family made a bold move to what was then "far away Texas," where Belknap sent Mr. Grinnell to represent them by calling on the retail hardware trade in North Texas and Southern Oklahoma. When Annie said goodbye to her mother, both were crying and her mother said, "I'll never see you again." The Grinnells settled in Sherman, Texas, which was a central location for the trade territory. In a few years the family returned to Brandenburg during the summer to visit at "Twin Oaks," where many happy times were had by the members of both families. There was croquet in the front yard, card games, swimming in the river and hiking in the surrounding woods.
On Christmas day during the early twenties Beall gave his wife a beautiful player piano. The family gathered around as Annie played the first music on that piano and the tune was "My Old Kentucky Home."
Annie's first allegiance was to her God and then to her family, to whom she devoted her entire adult life. Always op timistic, never complaining, she was truly a gracious and won derful person. Beall died August 22, 1929, and Annie died December 15, 1962.
Annie (Bondurant) and Beall Grinnell had six children.
1. Charles Bondurant, born in Brandenburg, Kentucky, March 29,
1901. Died in Little Rock, Arkansas, June 18, 1952.
2. Laura Louise, born in Louisville, Kentucky, October 17, 1903. 3. Mabel Spencer, born in Sherman, Texas, March 10, 1906. 4. Wiley Beall, born in Sherman, Texas, September 21, 1911. 5. Julia Ann, born in Sherman, Texas, September 13, 1913. 6. Imogene, born in Sherman, Texas, April 24, 1918.
Mrs. Annie Grinnell
DURING WORLD WAR TWO
Radio Station KRRV-------Sherman, Texas
CLIENT: W. J. McGEE INSURANCE AGENCY
PROGRAM: VICTORY MOTHERS
DATE_OF_BROADCAST: JUNE 11, 1944.
Opened by orchestra playing: "MY OLD KENTUCKY HOME."
Our salute for today goes to a daughter of the Blue Grass State who came to Texas soon after her marriage and has lived in Sherman for many years. She is the mother of an Air Corps Lieutenant and of a Red Cross Recreational worker now on for eign duty. LADIES AND GENTLEMEN--we give you as our Victory Mother on this June Sunday Annie (Bondurant) Grinnell, or as we better know her, Mrs. Beall Grinnell. Mr. Grinnell, who represented a Louisville, Kentucky, hardware firm died sever al years ago. For some time Mrs. Grinnell has been handi capped with deafness, but this has not handicapped her smile or glow in her eyes. She has that same gentle voice and soft accent that she brought from old Kentucky. There is not a per son in Sherman who is more alert, who has more friends and visits more agreeably with them than this lady of the South land. And that Kentucky background is right, according to tradition--for one of Mrs. Grinnell's brothers was recently made a Kentucky Colonel by the Governor of that state---Sen ator Jim Bondurant is now Col. Bondurant--and that title of a Colonel, well, that just settles that with those from the Blue Grass State.
During the last few weeks Mrs. Grinnell has been anxious ly awaiting mail from England, the mail that invasion orders held up. For Gene Grinnell is one of two Sherman girls who is on foreign duty with the American Red Cross. Gene, a trained recreation worker has been over seas for some time with a hospital unit. Before going over seas she was station ed at several hospitals in the States. She is well prepared for the work by her activities as Camp Fire Girls worker and executive, her training in college and her experience as Phy sical Training Instructor at Sherman High School. Latest news from Gene says that she has been training vigorously for some time on strict military discipline and a tough program of ex ercise of precision and drill. So it looks like G. I. Grinnell, as she calls herself, may be joining the invasion forces.
Wiley Grinnell, remembered in Sherman as quite a football player with both Sherman High School and Austin College teams, is a First Lieutenant in the Army Air Force and is now on duty in San Marcos as a Physical Training Instructor. When he en listed, Lt. Grinnell was football coach of the Bonham High Warriors, Bonham, Texas.
The Grinnell family has always been a fixture at the Trav is Street Methodist Church, with the children growing up in the Sunday School and Mrs. Grinnell in her pew on Sunday morn ings. This daughter and son in war service have three sisters and a brother. Charles Bondurant Grinnell, the oldest, lives with his family in Dallas. Julia (Grinnell) Bahan lives in Guthrie, Oklahoma. Mabel (Grinnell) Penn lives in Sherman, and her little son is one of those attractive children who have been furnishing the programs given by the kindergarten class. The oldest daughter of the Grinnell family is Laura Louise (Grinnell) Miller, now a Camp Fire Executive in Orange, Texas. She expects to be in New York for the summer taking special training for her Camp Fire position. Our VICTORY MOTHER is a grandmother to 10 boys and girls. The youngest is the four month old baby of Lt. and Mrs. Frances Grinnell. Mrs. Beall Grinnell lives at 403 South Hazelwood, in Sherman, in the family home.
CHARLES BONDURANT_GRINNELL, son of Annie (Bondurant) and Beall
Grinnell, received his education in the public schools of Sher
man, Texas, graduating from Sherman High School as salutato
rian of his class. Charlie played the drums in the original
TEXAS_JAZZERS, a musical group formed by two of his best friends,
Charlie Bob and Smith Ballew. They played for many dances in
and around Sherman and later became famous throughout Texas.
He attended Southern Methodist University in Dallas for two years where he pledged Kappa Alpha Fraternity and was
student manager of the baseball team. During his sophomore
year he was Assistant Editor of The_Campus_Staff, the college
paper. and a member of the Campus Press Club. During the sum
mers while at S.M.U., he worked at Yellowstone National Park
as a guide, entertainer, and general handyman.
For a while Charles worked for Pool Mfg. Co. in Sherman, and in the fall of 1922 he was employed by Belknap in Louisville. At the same time his sister, Laura, was teaching ,school in Brandenburg and living with her grandmother Bondurant. Charlie spent most week ends and all holidays in Brandenburg visiting with his sister and his grandmother at the
Bondurant home place, "Twin Oaks." In 1923 he was promoted
to a sales position, with headquarters in Little Rock, Arkansas.
On June 10, 1925, he married Eleanor Seastrunk, daughter of Dr. Horace Earl and Ellen 9eastrunk of Orange, Texas. Eleanor
was Laura Grinnell's roommate at the University of Texas. Both parents of Eleanor died before she was six years old. Charlie's marriage to Eleanor took place in the home of Eleanor's grand father, Dr. J. C. Seastrunk, in Orange. Charlie and Eleanor spent their honeymoon in Brandenburg.
The first year of their marriage was spent in Celina, Texas, where Charlie worked in his father's hardware store as co-manager, having resigned his position with Belknap. In 1926 he became employed by Higginbotham Perlstone Hardware Company in Dallas and became city sales manager until he ac cepted a position with Peaslee Gaulbert Company for whom he worked for fifteen years. In 1945 the Grinnells moved to Little Rock where Charlie became vice-president and general manager of Gunn Distributing Company.
Charles Bondurant Grinnell died in Little Rock on June 18, 1952, and is buried in West Hill Cemetery in Sherman.
After her husband's death, Eleanor held the position as Head Resident at the University of Illinois for 16 years. She worked for seven summers at camps in New Hampshire for the National Council of Churches, and for six summers at a Y.M.C.A. Camp at Estes Park, Colorado. In 1970 she took a position as freshman dormitory resident at Sam Houston State University, a position she held for three years. She retired in 1973 and is now residing in Boulder.
Anne (Miller) White's visit to Brandenburg in 1937.
A group of Irlsh business men bestowed this honor on Wiley by making him an
Admiral in the mythical Irish Village Navy
"Kovering Texas' Richest Maricet"
THE HOUSE PARTY AT TWIN OAKS
"The House Party at Twin Oaks" is direct from the journal kept by Annie Laura (Long) Meers. It was written when she was fifteen years old and living in Brandenburg, Kentucky. "Twin Oaks," the Bondurant homestead, is the scene of the many happy incidents related herein.
On Tuesday, the 30th of June 1925, the Grinnell family from Sherman, Texas, arrived. They were: Uncle Beall, Aunt Annie, Charlie and his bride, Eleanor; Mabel, Wiley, Julia and Imogene (Gene). They arrived about 2:30 in two cars, a Hudson and a Studebaker. After refreshing themselves, Mabel, Julia, Martha, Minnie and I walked downtown. A showboat, "The Water Queen" was at the wharf and we went down to see it. After supper we went riding and intended going to the showboat, but the travelers were tired, so we came home and played the piano.
Wednesday evening we went swimming over the river. I can't remember what we did during the day but we danced that night.
Thursday morning, Uncle Beall, Aunt Annie, Charlie and Eleanor went to Louisville. In the evening about seven thirty, Wiley took us downtown and treated us and we picked up Rose, Mary and W. F. All of us went down to see the boat, "The Kosmosdale" and then Rose, Mary and W. F. came home with us. After we took them home Mabel, Wiley, Julie, Minnie and I went out to meet the eleven train. As we started to greet Uncle Beall and Aunt Annie, we saw a tall figure loom up in the dark ness, and recognizing him to be our dear Uncle Bourbon, we simply yelled in our delight. And there was sweet Aunt Martha, too. We sure did have one joyous greeting and when we arrived home the lights went out but Julia played the piano and we danced and sang until midnight, being too happy to sleep.
Friday morning we got up about eight, and after breakfast Uncle Bourbon, Wiley, Julia, Minnie, Gene, and I went swimming. In the afternoon Charlie and Eleanor arrived with Richard,III. In the evening we rested out under the great shady oaks and Julia played the banjo-uke that Uncle Bourbon brought with him. About five thirty we went in swimming and it began raining about the time we got in. It was lots of fun swimming in the rain and we had a fine time. On the way home over the river, the waves were as high as I've ever seen them and we sure did "ride the waves." At night we played the uke and watched the folks play bridge. Turned in about eleven.
Saturday, the "Fourth O' July," Uncle Elisha and Aunt Marie came this morning and what a house full we have. It's just like one big family and we're having a perfectly lovely time. After lunch we rested and around three thirty all of us went to the picnic at Sulphur Wells. I saw Forest and he took Alline Burch's and my picture. We didn't stay long out there as we wanted to take a plunge. At five, the family went across the river and had a good time in swimming. That night, For est and Ellis Blake, a Mr. Shain, Walter Claycomb, Henry Brown and Uncle Jim's folks came out. We shot fireworks and danced.
Sunday, all of us (sixteen) went to Sunday School and some of them stayed to Church. In the afternoon Wiley, Mary, Harry Applegate and I went out riding. Again at five, the folks went in swimming. Went to church that night.
Monday afternoon Mabel, W. F., Julia, Minnie and I went fishing. Wiley took us, and we wore our knickers. Caught one little fish and that was all. Uncle Bourbon, Aunt Martha, and Wiley went in swimming that evening and the rest of us stayed home. Mary Grinnell invited us down to her house that night. Julia took the banjo along and we sat on the porch upstairs and sang. Then some of us danced. W. F. brought up a nice, big box of chocolates and ice cream cones. About nine thirty Mrs. Grinnell served delicious refreshments. We had the love liest time there.
Tuesday morning, Wiley made a golf hole in one shot and Uncle Bourbon gave him a dollar for being the first one to make
it. About four thirty, the Grinnell family started to Lietch field to visit for a few days. Uncle Bourbon, Aunt Mottle, Minnie and I went swimming. I stayed downtown for the up mail. And coming down the street with Mary and Emma Dink Apple gate, who did I see but--My Cousins--that had started to Lietchfield. The roads were so slick and muddy they decided not to attempt the trip until morning. We went to church in the tent to hear Brother L. E. Squires.
Wednesday morning, Minnie and I went to church and then down after the mail. I think Wiley got the long looked for and much desired letter this a.m. from "Eloise." Haven't done anything this afternoon except write a few entries in this journal. The Grinnells attempted the trip again this morning, and they haven't gotten back yet, so we suppose they made it alright.
Wednesday--two weeks later--I haven't written in my jour nal for two solid weeks. Have been doing so much that I haven't had time to write in it.
The guests have gone and it is so lonesome without them. I enjoyed every minute of their stay and only wish that it could have been weeks longer. They are ideal cousins and I sure do love them all. They left yesterday morning and suppose they have arrived in Sherman about now.
As it has been two weeks since I've written in my journal, I can't fully remember everything we did, but will make an outline as to what happened in that time.
1. Uncle Beall was operated upon the 17th. Improving rapidly.
2. Went in swimming often.
3. Danced and sang.
4. Went to Old Mill Springs.
5. Mabel and Julia visited in Louisville.
6. Uncle Bourbon, Aunt Mottle and Wiley left for Michigan.
7. Went down to Fern Street.
8. Went to church nearly every night.
That was the program and there was lots more that I haven't stated. But that is a resume of our happy times together. I enjoyed every minute of their stay and will always keep "The House Party at Twin Oaks" in my memory as one of the most en joyable vacations I ever had.
signed: Annie Laura Long
CARLTON WEBB BONDURANT
WILLIAM HARVEY BONDURANT
WILLIAM HARVEY BONDURANT, son of Elisha Richard and Laura Ann Bondurant, was born in Brandenburg, Kentucky, December 15, 1892. Before the age of 20 Willie, as he was called, moved to Sherman, Texas. For awhile he lived with his sister, Annie (Bondurant) Grinnell. He was employed by the Razor Brothers Ranch for a short time and then became a lineman for the Gray son County Telephone Co. in Sherman. He later took a job with the Bell Telephone Co. in Ballinger, Texas. There he met Bar bara Ellen Golden, who was employed by the same company. Willie and Barbara were married in San Angelo, Texas, in February of 1916. She was born in Alvord, Texas, November 23, 1893.
In 1919 Mr. Bondurant left the phone company and decided to try his skills as a farmer. He and Barbara moved to a farm near Maverick, Texas, which was owned by Barbara's parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Golden. Willie and Mrs. Golden's younger brother, Jim, worked the farm together.
In the fall of 1920 the family moved to Celina, Texas, where Willie went to work for his brother-in-law, Beall Grin nell of Sherman, who owned a hardware store there. After three years he returned to Bell Telephone in Big Spring, Texas,and worked for them the rest of his life.
Mrs. Bondurant's health began to fail and it was found that she had an inoperable ulcer. Her husband sent her to many doctors for relief. She was at one time in a sanatorium in Glen Rose, Texas. Barbara Bondurant died July 11, 1927, in Ballinger, where she is buried. She was a lovely person and a wonderful wife and mother.
In 1929 Willie married Helen Newman in Pecos, Texas, where he had been transferred. In 1933 Willie was moved to Weatherford, Texas, by his company. He and Helen were divorced in Weatherford in 1934. She died in 1950. In 1937 he married Lillian (last name unknown). They were divorced in 1939. In 1940 he married Eunice Dobbs of Weatherford. This was a happy union which lasted for twelve years. Willie died May 3, 1952, after a heart attack. He is buried in Weatherford.
Barbara (Golden) and William Bondurant had two children.
ELISHA RICHARD BONDURANT
April 30, 1962
E. R. BONDURANT
TRIBUTE TO A GRAND FELLOW
It is not often that any of us have a chance to pay TRIBUTE to such a grand gentleman and one who has been with Belknap since 1911 .. 51 years .. Mr. E. R. Bondurant.
"Bonny", as he is familiarly known to the most of us here and many of the salesmen, will retire JUNE 10.
It was my grand pleasure to work under Bonny when he was Sales Manager of the Western Division and then I had the privilege of following him in that position when he was made the Buyer of Department 5 in 1947.
All of us would like to see MAY be his LARGEST MONTH since it is his last month with Belknap. With your help we can make it a MILLION DOLLAR MONTH in his Department alone, which would be a grand tribute to one of the finest gentlemen known to any of us.
You now have out a number of "specials" in his Department and with June coming up, and that being the top month for brides, it is naturally one of our big appliance months.
Would you put some extra push behind his Department this month and let's see if we can't give him a GRAND GOING AWAY PRESENT OF A MILLION DOLLAR VOLUME.
I know Bonny would like to hear from you, so why not just take a minute to drop him a note and then put that PUSH ON FOR MAY.
Wm. R. Caskey
PW V.P. & GEN. SALES DIRECTOR
(8) BOURBON PATCH BONDURANT, son of Elisha Richard and Laura Ann Bondurant, was born in Brandenburg in 1898. With a big, strong and well co-ordinated physique, he swam in the Ohio River, was handy with the row boats and could conquer just about any com petitive sport. He moved to Sherman, Texas, when only 16 and lived with his sister, Mrs. Beall Grinnell. He worked for C. D. Pierce Grocery Company in Sherman as a grocery delivery boy while attending Sherman High School. He was an outstanding football player. He attended Austin College in Sherman for two years and while there became well enough known in athletics to attract the attention of pro football scouts. However, Uncle Sam stepped into Bourbon's life at that time. He went to see a troop train that had stopped at a local station for a few hours. Many citizens were there to encourage the troops. The band played and morale was high. It is well remembered that Bourbon said: "I'll enlist tomorrow!" And indeed he did and spent the rest of World War I in France and Germany. After his discharge from the Army, he became associated with the American food relief mission in Europe in a civilian capacity. Later Bourbon enrolled at DePaul University in Chicago, at that time a national football power. The pro scouts had not forgotten and after a year of stardom as an outstanding tackle, he signed a contract with Jim Thorpe's Barnstorming All-Star football team. He later played with the Canton Bulldogs, a team belonging to a pro league which was the fore-runner of what is today the National Football League.
In 1924 Bourbon married Martha (Mottle) McDuffie of Dallas. They moved to Kentucky and lived in Brandenburg with Bondy's mother while a duplex was being built for them. After a few
months Bondy sold the duplex to his brother Jim and he and Mottie moved to Michigan. Bondy worked for Aetna Life Insur ance Company. He began to play golf seriously and won several tournaments.
Copied from the Sherman Daily Democrat are two golf articles about Bondy.
FORMER SHERMAN BOY WINS GOLF TOURNAMENT
Bourbon Bondurant, brother of Mrs. Beall Grinnell, and a former Sherman boy, was successful in a golf tournament in Grand Rapids, Michigan, according to information received by Sherman relatives.
Mr. Bondurant attended Sherman High School, Austin College and DePaul University. Since his marriage he has resided in Grand Rapids, where he has exten sive business interest. His many friends, espec ially those who have the "golf bug" will be inter ested to know of his success in Grand Rapids Tour nament.
BONDURANT TAKES MEDALIST HONORS IN LINKS TOURNAMENT
Bourbon Boundurant, prominent Cedar Crest golfer, (Dallas) won medalist honors in the Construction Industries golf tournament at Parkdale Country Club. Mr. Bondurant navigated the thirty-six hole test round in 150 strokes.
In the late 1920's Bourbon and Mottie returned to Dallas where Bourbon was again in the insurance business. In 1944 he accepted a position with the U. S. Relief and Rehabilitation Agency with headquarters in Rome, Italy. After about one year he became employed as a civil engineer.
Mottie and Bondy were divorced in 1946 and the same year he married Countess Anna Marie Marzano in Rome, Italy. In the meantime he had become employed by Lublin, McGaughy and Cie, a firm of architects and consulting engineers, in Rome. Bourbon had 18 years of happiness with Anna Marie before she died of cancer on November 22, 1964.
After Anna Marie's death, Bourbon retired and returned to the States. It was in Arizona, while there for a golf tourna ment, that he met an old friend, Audrey Bainbridge Wenger. Audrey and Bourbon were married in Sherman on January 13, 1966, at the Methodist Church. They went to Scottsdale, Arizona, to make their home and it was there, after six years of marriage,
that Bourbon Bondurant died in 1971.
Just like his father's brother, Carlton, Bourbon was rug gedly handsome, charming, and always the life of the party. Playing bridge and golf were his main pleasures. He lived life to the fullest, and just like his Uncle Carlton, he delighted his friends by his very presence.
BOURBON PATCH BONDURANT
Brandenburg, Ohio River
Within the next several pages will be found inter esting copies of old land grants,
deeds, abstracts, public claims papers, and wills pertaining to var ious members of early
Bondurant families, followed by selected references and bibliography used in pre paring
Letter written by Mrs. Mary Bondurant Epling
National Registrar of the Huguenot
Society of America
MRS. RAYMOND W. EPLING
Route 1, Box 266 A1
Huddlesson, Virginia 24104
31 March 1973
Mr. Lawrence Mason, Rector
Manakin Episcopal Church
Midlothian, Virginia 23113
Dear Mr. Mason:
It is my pleasure to enclose a check for $300.00 made payable to the Manakin Episcopal Church for a memorial to Dr. Jean Pierre Bondurant. The memorial to be a bronze plaque to be placed on the first or second pew door on the front left side.
We, the donors to this memorial, thank the, Officers, Members of the Parish and you, Mr. Mson, for making this memorial possible.
Us also thank you for the dedication of this memorial, to be conducted on May 19, 1973.
Attached, you will find a 1ist of the donors to this memorial.
Thank. you again for your consideration and cooperation during the past four years of my conducting this campaign for funds.
Most sincerely yours,
Mary B. Ipling (Mrs. R.W.)
THE STATUTES AT LARGE...OF VIRGINIA, Volume 3, 1684-1710, Hening
AN ACT MAKING THE FRENCH REFUGEES INHABITING AT THE MANAKIN TOWNE AND PARTS ADJACENT A DISTINCT PARRISH BY THEMSELVES, AND EXEMPTING THEM FROM THE PAYMENT OF PUBLICK AND COUNTY LEVYES FOR SEAVEN YEARS. Passed December 1700.
Whereas a considerable number of French protestant refugees have been lately imported into his majesty's colony and dominion sever all of which refugees have seated themselves above the falls of James River at or near to a place comonly cared and known by the name of the Manakin tonne, for the encouragement of the said refu gees to settle and romaine together as near as may be to the said Manakin tonne, Be it enacted...that the said refugees inhabiting at the said Mana kin towne and the parts adjacent, shall be accounted and taken for inhabitants of a DISTINCT PARRISH BY THEMSELVES and the land which they now do or shall hereafter posses at or adjacent to the said Manakin towne, shall be and is hereby declared to be a parish of itselfe, distinct from any other parish to be cared and knowne by the name of KING WILLIAMS PARISH in the COUNTY OF HENRICO, and NOT LYABLE TO THE PAYMENT OF PARISH LEVIES IN ANY OTHER PARISH WHATSO EVER.
VIRGINIA'S NATURALIZATION LAWS,
AND THE HUGUENOT MIGRATION TO VIRGINIA 1700
Many of us descend from families founded by non-British immigrants to the colony of Virginia. Since the accuracy of our lineage re search in part depends on knowing the laws applicable to foreign arrivals, here is a digest of naturalization laws, taken from Hening's THE STATUTES AT LARGE OF VIRGINIA. Names of foreigners naturalized as seen in Hening's volumes and the Supplement are also included.
THE STATUTES AT LARGE...OF VIRGINIA, Volume 2, 1660-1682, page 95, Hening. Passed March 1661/2 tl662]
GRANTS OF LAND
Bee it hereby enacted that any person or persons clayming land as DUE BY IMPORTATION OF SERVANTS shall FIRST PROVE THEIR TITLE or just right before the GOVERNOR AND COUNCELL, or produce certificate from the COUNTY COURT to the Secretarys office BEFORE ANY SURVEY be made or grant admitted, it being unreasonable that others furnish" with rights, should be debarred, by presence of survey which in it selfe is noe title.
THE STATUTES AT LARGE...OF VIRGINIA, Volume 2, 1660-1682, pages 289-9Q, Hening. Passed September 1671.
AN ACT FOR NATURALIZATION
Whereas nothing can tend more to the advancement of a new plantation either to its defence or prosperity, nor nothing more to add to the glory of a prince than being a gratious master of many subjects, nor any better way to produce those effects then the inviteing of people of OTHER NATIONS TO RESIDE AMONGE US, by communication of priviledges, Be it therefore enacted...that any stranger desireing to make this country the place of their CONSTANT RESIDENCE, may upon their PETITION TO THE GRAND ASSEMBLY AND TAKEING THE OATHS OF ALLEGIANCE AND SUPREMACY TO HIS MAJESTIE BE ADMITTED TO A NATURALIZATION
1 2 0
AN ACT*--NATURALIZATION OF FRENCH HUGUENOTS----1705
Laws of Virginia--by Waverly Winfree--(Pub. 1971) pp. 39, 40, 41- (Re-arranged and alphabetized by Charles H. Hamlin, C.C.)
Bondurand, John Peter
Decoppet, John Francis
De Richebourg, Claud Phillipe
De Rosseaux, Theodire
De Vesez, Paul
Du Clos, John Oger
Du Fertre, Lewis
Du Foy, Peter
Du Mass, Jeremiah
Du Pre, Thomas
La Fite, Isaac
La Forio, Rene Massomeau
In thra name 0! Cod and amen, I, John Meter Bo~:dura~ being sick and but of good sold desposi~lg mind and memory, all praise be E,i~;en to Cod for it, and sour minding to settle sir worldly estate ~ ich it pleased God to bestow upon me before I depart this life, I do Mayo and appoint this by last will ad tes~nt in finer and fovea fo'lc~gs
FIrst, ~ give ~ say to God that gave it and nor body to the Earth from which it ~ take-e to be decently buried according to the discretion Of Or executors hereafter mentioned, . Item. I give and beneath unto by son Joy Bor_d~ar~t one hundred ad torty-fiYe acres of lens Mach he ~ dwelleth on and one horse and one hog and blanket ~ rug and sheet and hide "d bed cord and ores frou pot and dish and bash arxl three plates and One cow and cay that is now possessed of nix and to his heirs forever.
Item, I =he Ad bequeath unto my son Peter Bondurant, one hundred and city acres of lacy on Agee Creek and up along thro~:s~ creek Coos, and a horse named smoker and one color and calf and two sons ark four sl;c'~te-sa AL ore Dyer dish and one bask and one porrlnger and six pat spoons and one frou rot and one rug ant blanket and one sheet ard broffn lining to make him a bed, to. him arid HIS heirs LO begotten forever, but if ye or all of By tiro sons die without issue then to the s,~i70r al his }weirs lay begotten forever.
Item, I give and bequeath unto mar son Joseph 30ndura~c, one hundred and fifty acres of lane with the p~an~nces belonging thereto where he now d*al~et'n and one co-ed and calf in the possession of Jame Ford, and two savers and four shoatea and one ram sheep And one mare' With he horse colta that she has id the Hair file to return to me and t,~ro dishes, one large and one sma:L:L. one bask am1 six plates and one Porridge and one plaint pot and one saver and four shoals, to hi and his hairs forestry
Item, } give and bequeath to my daughter Ann Ford one heifer eighteen months old ad one soar and pigs to her and her heirs forever.
Item, ~ give ark bequeath to ~ daughter Prawes Salle one heifer at the age of eighteen months and one roar and pigs to her and her heirs forever.
And I do give unto Or son Peter Bondurant, all Or Oaring clother ad it is ~ desire thy Or ~e shall keep then and let him have the a an she thinks fit and Or ca renter tools and shoe ~aaker tools and cross cut saw ad wagon I lead for the use of y rife ad two sons and their heirs be no -end or mole~- tation of an;r person or parson whatso ever.
Item, I give to Or loved To Ann Bondura~:t after ~;y Just
Debts and floral charges and legacies are ~d, at1 the rescinder
of by estate real and personal In this place or also wherever to her
arid her heirs former, and I do allow ~ loving trite Len Bond~ant
whol arid sole Bccutor of Clips fly last arid and testament,
revolts all other ~1} bar non made heretofore as witness ~ hark
and fir fly seal this 25th day of September, 1731~.
Test J. P. ,- ondurant (Seal)
o~ c - k
James (x) Ford
LAND GRANT TO JOHN PETER BONDURANT
Thomas Jefferson Esq., Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia: To all ~ to Whom these present 5h~11 cone treating, know ye that in consideration of the compensation of fire (5) pounds & fifteen (15) shillings sterlings paid by John Peter Bondurant unto the treasury for the co=~oa~ealth there is granted ny the said commonwealth to the said John Peter ~ondur?nt, a certain tract or parcel of land containing by surlier hearing date the 16th day of October 1755, one thousand & one Hundred & twenty-five (1~125) acres of land lying .P' being in the county of Ilbemarle among the head branches at Pointers on 'I. Babers line running thence north & 'a branch to the beginning with its appurtenances to have & to hold the said tract or parcel of. land & to the said John Peter Bondurant ~ heirs forever. TO scantness hQreof the said Thomas Jefferson Esq. & Governor of the cowmon wealth of Virginia bath Into set his hand & caused the seal of the sa-.d cn-mcu~ealth to be affixed at Richmond Virginia on 17th day of duty 17bo of our Lord.
Thomas Jefferson, Governor.
IONS GRANT TO RICHARD BONDURANT
James Monroe Es<,., Governor of the Cc~mon~ealth of Virginia: To all to whom these present shall-come greetings, know ye, that by virtue of land office Treasury warrents number (2113) two thousand & one hundred & thirteen & the 11th day of February, one thousand seven hundred & ninety-seven (year 1797), ther is granted by the said commonwealth unto Richard BonJurant a certain tract or parcel of land containing one hundred and -',hirt~r-five (135) acres bar survey bearing date October tth, year 1797, lying ~ being in the county of Buck~ngha~ ~ bounded as follows, to wit: beginning at a pane, at corner between Gad Blanksenship and Elizabeth trowel's line south & with its a?perten ances to the said Richard Bondurant ~ his heirs forever, I witness Whereof the said James No,nroe Esq., Governor for the co.~on~ealth of ir2tni~ & that here set his hand ~ caused the seal of said Co~om-isalth of Virginia to be affixed at Richmond on the 2Sth day of Larch year of our Lord loOO ~ of the cc=mo~.vealth the 28th
James Monroe, Governor Virginia
PROOF that Jean Pierre Bondurant was a Medical Doctor
practicing in Henrico County, Virginia 1700.
Henrico County Deed 1697-1703, p. 332 June, 1703.
The estate of Will Chambers to be paid to
Dr. Bondurant for Phisick. . . . 00 - 07 - 00
Henrico County Orders (1707-1709) :
p. 66, 2 August 1708 John Pierre Bondurant, Plaintiff John Bolling, Gent.
John Pierre Bondurant, Plaintiff
John Pierre Bondurant, Plaintiff
Contract of sale, Jean Pierre Bondurant to John Wilson,
200 acres on Ole Town Creek.
Public Claim Papers of Buckingham County Va.
Above at State Archives, Richmond, A.
Court Booklet page 2: - 1781
To Dr._Joseph Bondurant To dressing and boarding
Thomas Ham~leton Brannion on a wounded Continental
Soldier for the term of five (5) weeks.
5: 0; O
Ibid page 36 Joseph Bondurant to be paid for 625 lbs.
Of grass fed Beef. 1782.
Lists page 3 15 August 1781 Joseph Bondurant for 625 lb. Grass beef, for use of the Army.
Note: The supplies were taken in 1780 and 1781 and the Legislature passed a law to make payment for the same in 1782; hence the difference in the dates.
Goochland County, Va.
Deed Book 5, p. 248
Deed of Gift - 19 May 1747 -
John Radford of Goochland County, Parish_of Southam to Joseph_Bondurant_and Agnes, his wife, daughter of said John Radiord. - "For the natural love and affection which he bath for his daughter, Agnes Bondurant, 125 acres in Goochland County on the north side of Jone's Creek, adjoining Colonel William Mayo, dec'd and the said John Radford, it being part of a larger tract patented by Daniel Thomas, dec'd, dated 16 June 1727.
Signed - John Radford (Seal)
Recorded - Goochland County May 19, 1747
Dr._Joseph Bondurant, France, married Elizabeth_Chastain Castaignier) daughter of Jean Francois Chastain and Frances Jane Reno or Regnault (Re-naut) daughter of Charles Reno and wife Ann. Dr. Joseph Bondurant was father of JEAN PIERRE BONDURANT the immigrant.
The early spelling of the family name Chastain was Chastaignier, which meant a lord, a count or nobleman.
1. Chateigner, Seigneur de la Chateignier, lived in France in about 1084 A D.
2. Jean Chateigner, Chevalier Sgr. de la Me.
3. Gilbert Chateigner, Chevalier (first of the name Gilbert), was living in 1246.
4. Gilbert Chateigner, Chevalier, Sgr. de la Melleraie et de Reaumur (second of the name Gilbert), died 1318, m. Jeanne Barrabin.
5. Jean Chateigner, Sgr. de la Melleraie, living in 1304.
6. Simor Chastain (Chateign), Sire de St. Georges et de Rexe, was living in 1322. He married Letice de la Guerche.
7. Jean Chastain, Chevalier, Sgr. de Reaumur,m. Isabeau Jousseraude.
8. Jean Chastain, Chevalier, m. the young Isabeau de Gourville, living in 1364.
9. Helie Chastain, Sire de St. Georges, died in 1396; m. Phillippe de la Rochefatou.
10. Geoffroi Chastain, Chevalier, killed in the battle of Patai, Oct. 29, 1429, with four of his brothers. He m. Louise de Preuilly.
11. Pierre Chastain, Chevalier, m. Jeanne de Varere, their marriage contract being signed March 20, 1443.
12. Gui Chastain, Chevalier, Marechal de France, m. Madelene Du Pui (DuPuy) January 4, 1502.
13. Jean Chastain, Chevalier, was in the siege of Pairre, 1522; m. Claude de Mohleon.
14. Jean (or Janet or John) Chastain, Genrilhomme, d. at Poitier, Jan. 6, 1581; m. Jeanne de Villiers, 1564.
15. Francois Chastain, m. Louise de Foutlebou, 1605.
16. Rene Chastain, Page to Louis XIII., King of France from 1610 to 1643.
17. Rene Chastain, m. Marie Madeliene Helen de Dampiere. He was the father of Pierre Chastain the emigrant.
18. Pierre Chastain (1660-1729), b. in Province of Dauphiny, in southeastern France, m. Marie Madeline de la Rochefaucald, of Doffine (Dauphiny). Jean Chastain served for several years as a member of the City Council in his native town in France. He was an attor ney and served as clerk of King Williams' Parish from 1726
John Francis Chastain of France married Frances Jane Reno or Regnault (Re-Naut), daughter of Charles Reno and wife Ann.
Issue: Elizabeth Anne married Dr. Joseph Bondurant (France)
Mary Ann married Daniel Isaac Faure (Fore)
Charles Reno married mobed to Virginia
Frances Jane married James Frances Bryant, Sr.
Capt. Peter James married Mary Magdalene De Rochefou
Mary Magdalene Varreiut, widow of Sir Anthony Traube.
Elizabeth Ann Chastain married Dr. Joseph Bondurant, their
son JEAN PIERRE BONDURANT emigrated to America and became
forebearer of the Bondurants in America.
Jean Pierre BoNduraNt was a Physician serving Henrico and
Goochland Counties 1700 - 1734.
Note 2. Chastain Genealogy copied from History_of_the Huguenots and Three Family Trees by Dr. James Garvin Chastain.
Chastain Genealogy and all Bondurant notes, wills and
records are typed exactly as worded and spelled in all
SELECTED REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy. The First Families of America. Frederick Virkus. Volume Two 1926. Page 273.
2. Agee Family, by P. M. Agee. Page 163.
3. Autobiography_of_Beniamin_Franklin_Bondurant, Bondur ant, Wyoming. Wyoming State Historical Research and Publica tion Division, Cheyenne, Wyoming.
4. Bondurant----Minnie Alice (Bondurant) Scott. Her papers about the Bondurant family.
5. Bondurant Relatives. Many letters and phone calls.
6. City of Bondurant, Iowa. Portrait_and_Biographical Album of Polk County, Iowa.
7. Goochland County Wills. Book Two, page 56.
8. Hi-Line News, August 1971 Edition. Serving Breckenridge, Ohio, Grayson, Hardin and Meade Counties, Kentucky.
9. History of Bondurant, Wyoming Area by Mrs. P. O. Bondurant, 1959.
10. History_of_the_Early_Settlers_of Sangamon_County Illinois. By John Carroll Power, 1876. (Centennial Record) Virginia State Library, Page 12.
11. __~_e_ot_Emigratio__to_VirJ~inia. Brock.
12. Huguenot Magazine. Volume 6, page 131.
13. San_Antonio_Academy_Catalog, San Antonio, Texas. Letters from Col. Bill Bondurant.
14. Since April Third. Published by Meade County Messenger, Meade County, Kentucky.
15. Twelve Virginia Counties Where the Western Migration Began. John H. Guathmey, Pages 215-240.